Data sets of the values of the basic parameters of the considered glaciers (area, length, width, slope, max and min elevation, exposure, latitude and longitude of the glacier centroid) for specific time steps (50s, 80s, 2006; where available, additional levels of information will be added).
Data processing occurs in a GIS environment.
The system consists of a server-side database (PostgreSQL+PostGIS), which is connected to a web interface and to a GIS (QGIS). The system has been developed using open source applications according to the GeoNetwork architecture.
Glaciers are widely recognized as the best terrestrial indicator of climate change. Nevertheless, occurred changes, even in recent times, are often poorly known. Italy has a unique, secular history of glaciological documentation that, jointly with a rich wealth of spatial, multi-temporal data, allows an accurate reconstruction of recent glacier evolution. Unfortunately, these data are dispersed and/or difficult to access. The project focuses on the collection, validation, storage and analysis of glaciological data from the Italian Alps, referred to the last 100 years.
The third Italian permanent automatic weather station has been installed on December 17, 2007 on Gigante Glacier ( Mt. Bianco’s group). Data collected by this station permit to improve knowledge both on local micro-meteorological parameters and on periglacial and glacial conditions.
Moreover, this station located at 3430 m asl permits to collect data on above glacial thermal conditions and incoming and outcoming energetic fluxes.
Data collected by this station can be compared to the AWSs installed on Forni and Dosdè glaciers.
- Latitude: 45° 50' 50"
- Longitude: 06° 55' 58"
The Rwenzori Mountains (called also “Mountains of the Moon”), with heights of up to 5,109 m asl., are located in the central Africa, on the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, in the Ugandan National Park an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In the Rwenzori Range some of the main peaks are covered with permanent snow and glacier, while the lower slopes are covered with dense forest. Besides there are several massifs such as Point Margherita, the third highest African summit after, Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya.
The first AWS (Automatic Weather Station) RW was installed, in Uganda, in the western part of the Stanley Plateau, on July 18, 2006. This station worked in continuous from 2006 to 2009. In 2009 the station interruppted its work due to difficult environmental conditions, and in 2013 this station was replaced with a new one.
- Latitude: 0° 22' 34.55" N
- Longitude: 29° 52' 43.24" E
- Elevation: 4.750 m a.s.l.
The Baltoro Glacier, 62 km long, is one of the longest glaciers outside of the Polar Regions. It is located in Baltistan, in the Northern Areas of Pakistan, and runs through part of the Karakoram mountain range. In the middle of the Baltoro glacier there is the campsite of Urdukas located on the trek way to Concordia.
This automatic weather station was installed, in June 17, 2004 on the Baltoro Glacier, more precisely on a moraine ridge close to the left glacier margin at 3926 m asl.
Latitude: 35° 43' 41" N
Longitude: 76° 17' 10" E
Elevation: 3926 m a.s.l.